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Gordon's Class

  • The Servant of the Lord in the "Servant Songs" of Isaiah

    May 8, 2015

    No explanation for the identity of the servant of the Lord in the ‘servant songs’ of Isaiah commands a scholarly consensus. This study attempts to overcome the present impasse by rejecting the dismemberment of Isaiah 40-66 advanced by Duhm and others, who isolate the ‘servant songs’ from their immediate literary context. Taking account of that context, which is dominated by a pervasive second exodus theme, this essay argues that Isaiah’s servant figure is to be identified with the expected ‘prophet like Moses’ (Dt. 18:14ff.; 34:10ff.). Such an approach enriches the interpretation of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 in particular and offers substantial support for the NT’s messianic interpretation without presupposing that interpretation, as is often done.